Asian elephants differ in several ways from their African relatives. They have smaller ears, unlike the large fan-shaped ears of the African species. The Asian elephant is also much smaller. Asian elephants occurring in northern Borneo are known as Bornean elephants. The Bornean elephant is considered an evolutionarily significant unit. Due to habitat loss, fragmentation, poaching and human-elephant conflict, the Bornean elephant population in Malaysian Borneo is estimated at just 1,500 elephants. The Asian elephants are listed as ‘endangered’ under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and number between 48,300 to 51,680 wild individuals.

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